Glucophage, as known for it's brand name Metformin, is a prescription medication that is used to treat and control blood sugar levels in adults who suffer from type 2 diabetes. It is also used along with insulin, but it isn't used to treat type 1 diabetes. Before taking this medication, make sure to talk to your doctors about your medical history. Glucophage should not be taken if you suffer from kidney disease, metabolic acidosis, and/or diabetic ketoacidosis. You also can't take Glucophage temporarily if you are planning to have surgery or are getting any type of x-ray or CT scan.
Glucophage should be taken as your doctor directs you to. Glucophage should be taken with a meal. There are two types of tablets, an immediate-release and an extended-release. Both are oral tablets. Make sure not to break, chew, or crush the extended-release tablet, it has to be swallowed as a whole. Most of these tablets start out at 500mg twice a day to doses above 2000mg that have to be taken 3 times a day. Do not change your dosage without consulting your doctor first. This medication can also be used by children, where the starting dose is also 500mg twice a day for those that are at least 10 years of age. Make sure to also follow the treatment plan outlined by your doctor, since this medication doesn't just help on its own. It is to be used with a proper diet and exercise program.
There are a few side effects that come along with using Glucophage. These include unusual muscle pains, feeling cold, trouble breathing, feeling dizzy, tiredness, weakness, stomach pain, vomiting, and a slow or irregular heart rate. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, go to your local emergency department as soon as possible. Some common side effects include low blood sugar, nausea, an upset stomach, and diarrhea.
If you or someone you know overdoses on Glucophage and shows serious side effects such as trouble breathing or passing out, contact your local emergency services or call your poison control center. If a dose is missed, take it as soon as possible with food. Take your next dose as scheduled. If the missed dose is close to your schedule time, skip the missed dose.
Glucophage has also been found to help some people lose weight, even though the cause for that is not clear. Some theories include that is may change that way your body processes and stores fat or it reduces your appetite. For those who lose weight while taking Glucophage, this weight loss happens gradually rather than quickly. But this weight loss can also be happening because Glucophage has to be used along with a healthy diet and exercise program to work properly. Some doctors might prescribe Glucophage for weight loss, but it is usually for those who already suffer from diabetes. Contact your doctor with any questions and see if Glucophage is right for you.